The Freshman Academy of Spring Valley presented its wildly successful "Cupcakes for Success" program. All freshmen had an opportunity to get a free cupcake if they made 77% or above in all their courses on their first quarter report card. Well done Freshmen Class!
Richland School District Two's Interim Superintendent, Dr. Debbie Hamm, visited Spring Valley in pajamas yesterday, fulfilling a promise she made earlier in the month to visit any school increasing its pledges to, or participation in, the district's annual United Way campaign. Spring Valley met the challenge thanks in part to the leadership of Dr. Lars Seiler, head of the school's campaign. Thank you to all of the faculty and staff who donated this year.
Homeless Not Hopeless will be a powerful event featuring monologues from Richland Two students who have, or who are, experiencing homelessness. The funds will benefit the Richland Two Education Foundation and will provide emergency assistance to students and families throughout the district. This will be an evening filled with performances from our drama department, gospel choir, Homecoming Queen, Amina Gaines, as well as a special performance from one of our own co-workers. Join us Tuesday, November 12th at 7:00 PM in the Spring Valley Auditorium. Tickets are $2.00.
John Jones, Head Coach of Boys Track and Field, has been nominated by the SC High School League for the National Federation of High Schools' Boys Track and Field Coach of the Year. Coach Jones was recognized as State Coach of the Year this past July, and will now compete for national honors. Good luck Coach Jones!
Senior defensive end Christian Miller has been selected to represent South Carolina in the Shrine Bowl game. The Shrine Bowl of the Carolinas, in its 77th year, is one of the oldest high school football all-star games in the nation. The Shrine Bowl, which pits 40 of the best players from North Carolina against 40 of the best from South Carolina, will be played on Saturday, Dec. 21, 2013 at Gibbs Stadium in Spartanburg, S.C. Way to go Christian!
Congratulations to the girl's tennis team for defeating Ashley Ridge Tuesday, October, 29th 4-3. Winning at singles for the Lady Vikings were Julia Learmonth, Cassidy Green, and Tanvi Mehta. Winning at #1 doubles to clinch the match were Julia Learmonth and Cassidy Green. The girls advance in the post-season tournament and face a tough West Florence team in Florence .
and , the Lady Vikings girls golf team played in the State Championship 36 hole tournament which was held at Willow Creek Golf Course in Greer, SC. There were 80 players representing 16 lower and upper state high school teams and 6 individuals. Spring Valley started the 2nd day of the tournament in the 9th spot and finished with a team score of 719, placing 11th overall. Lexington High School won their 9th State title with a record team score of 580, beating runner up, Spartanburg's team score of 635 by 55 strokes. Individual winners were: Lexington's Lauren Stephenson (1st), Easley's Savannah Goodman (2nd), and Lugoff-Elgin's Kelli Murphy (3rd). Low medalist for both days for Spring Valley was Juliana Sebastian with a 157. Other players contributing to team low scores over the two days were: Bonnie Ayres (178), Kamryn Beaman (189), Mary Colvin Temple (197) and Ebony Bennett (200).
We are proud to announce that our students performed well at Clemson University's 41st Annual Declamation Contest. Congratulations to all our winners!
Latin Awards (teacher: Cristian Ugro): Latin 1, 1st place, Lauren Holtslander; Latin 2, 2nd place, Lisa Qu; Latin 3, 2nd place, Ighiwiyisi Omoigui.
Latin Awards (teacher: Cristian Ugro): Latin 1, 1st place, Lauren Holtslander; Latin 2, 2nd place, Lisa Qu; Latin 3, 2nd place, Ighiwiyisi Omoigui.
Spring Valley would like to invite all of the veterans in the Viking Community to stop by the Media Center on Monday, November 11th from 8:00 to 9:00 AM for a complimentary breakfast and a heartfelt "Thank You" for your service.
On Saturday, October 26th, thirty-six Discovery and Explorations students traveled to the South Carolina Junior Academy of Science Fall Workshop hosted by the SC Governor's School for Science and Mathematics. Students participated in workshops ranging from robotics to forensic anthropology. Professional development workshops for teachers included forensic botany, working with C. elegans, and making hydrogels. Spring Valley fielded two Challenge Bowl Teams: one in the Expert Division whose team members were Mohammad Arammash, Eddie Tremolada, and Abhiraj "Sunny" Gupta (Top: left to right in picture) and one in the Novice Division whose team members were Luke Marazzo, Rishi Suresh, and Dandavikranth "Vicky" Reddy (Bottom: left to right in picture). Our novice team placed third. After an exciting final match with the Governor's School team requiring multiple tie breaker rounds, our expert team won first place. Even more impressive was the fact that our expert team was composed of one sophomore and two freshmen! Hats off to these students!
Report cards will be sent home with students on Thursday, October 31st.
Did you know...?
You can always check on your student's grades and attendance via Parent Portal.
All Spring Valley teachers are required to keep academic calendars on their websites to keep parents informed of major assignments. You can add these calendars to your own Google Calendar with two mouse clicks. Here's a video showing you how to do it.
The Spring Valley varsity football team defeated Ridge View night 35-8 to run their record to 9-0 and 3-0 in region play. The Vikings were led on offense by QB Chris Adams who rushed 14 times for 166 yards and 1 TD. John Miller, Juwan Wells and Jordan Williams all scored for the Vikings. Cooper Gresham was 5 for 5 on Ext. Pt's. for the night.
On defense the Vikings were led by Josh Harlan who had 23 tackles, two tackles for loss, a sack and a pass break up. Christian Miller had 9 tackles, 1 sack and a 90 yard field goal block return for the Vikings other touchdown. Brandon McMiller blocked the Ridgeview field goal. Demarcus Muscove had 7 tackles, an interception and 3 pass break ups. Donovan Palmer had 11 tackles and a pass break up.
The Vikings travel down the road to play Lugoff-Elgin High School. A win for the Vikings will secure the Region Championship for the Vikings. The Vikings only have two more games left on the regular schedule and we need all the support we can night!!
The Spring Valley junior varsity and varsity cheerleaders participated in the Lake Murray Invitational held at Irmo High School Saturday, October 26, 2013. The order of placements for varsity cheer were: Boiling Springs, Dutch Fork, Irmo, Spring Valley, Summerville, Blythewood, and Ashley Ridge; with the top 5 receiving trophies. Spring Valley junior varsity cheer did not place.
Boys Cross Country
, the boys cross country team finished the regular season by winning the Region Championship. Jack Timmerman won the individual title with a time . Jon Clymer and Ben Garrett also made the All-Region Team. Completing our scoring were Kimani Hayes and Will Braddock. The team had a 21-1 record and will try to qualify for the State Meet at the Mid-State Qualifier at our home course.
Girls Cross Country
The undefeated Lady Viking Cross Country team won both the JV and Varsity races in the Region meet Thursday Oct. 24th. Highlights include:
Claudia Cannon (freshman & All-Region) winning the race with a course PR of
Shauntel Smullen (senior & All-Region) placed 6th with a PR of
Breanna Murrin (freshman) placed 8th with a PR of
Tori Agostini was our 5th runner coming in and she held off the remaining Irmo team and ran a PR .
Our other varsity members included Megan Huntley, Noralis Ortiz, and Kailyn Taylor. The top JV runners consisted of Danielle Murrin, Martina Novotny, Anjali Gottipaty, Inez Nicholson, and Irene Nicholson. Our ENTIRE team had great races and many of them ran their personal records for the lifetime of their running career.
We look forward to competing in the 4A Qualifier on .
the JV football team defeated Ridge View 34-31. The captains for the game were; Jaron Ricks on offense and Alston Adams on defense.
The scoring for the Vikings began on a 1 yard Ty'Juan Fulton run. Several good option reads and runs by quarterback Kevin Owens made the touchdown possible. Later, Fulton scored again from the two yard line. On the next possession, Kevin Owens scored from the five yard line on a five yard run. Owens then connected later to Fulton on a 50 yard pass reception. Late in the 4th, with about seconds left, RV scored to take the lead, 31-28. Owens hit Jaron Ricks on the hook and ladder, and he pitched it to Fulton coming out of the backfield. He took 45 yards and was tackled at the 5. It was Kristion Glover that took it in for the final touchdown in the last waning seconds of the game to pull ahead. After the kickoff, Glover again rose to the occasion for a critical interception to seal the victory. Defensively, Pope, Kieth, and Howard had some great tackles. Ty'Juan Fulton had an interception on defense as well.
For the second year, Spring Valley will be hosting a group of exchange students and one teacher from Cali, Colombia, South America; and is currently seeking host families for a nine week exchange. The nine week exchange will be for the 3rd quarter of the 2013-2014 academic year, from the end of January to the end of March. The host families will also be responsible for housing the students, and providing transportation to and from school. If you are interested, please contact Mrs. Gloria Ham at 699-3500 extension 69377 or Mr. Rodney Grantham at extension 69376. We had great success with the program last year, and are looking forward to another successful exchange this year.
On Thursday, October 17, Spring Valley High faculty participated in a series of professional learning seminars aimed at improving outcomes for our students. Based on the district's "Designing from the Core" focus, all of the sessions were designed and presented by Spring Valley teachers. The sessions included Mathematical Practices across the Curriculum (presented by Matt Owens, Denise Stiffler, Sandra Wells, Dale Soblo, and Kay Black), Moving Formative Assessment & Feedback to Routine Use in All Classrooms (presented by Felicia Roberson, Georgia Kopenhaver, John Robertson, Lars Seiler, and Regina Dilley), and Digital Resources for Supporting Claims with Evidence (presented by Kathryn Robinson, Debbie Easler, Michelle Maxberry, Layne Bee, and Sarah Pellerin). The sessions were designed to support teaching and learning through implementation of the Common Core State Standards. Based on the teachers' feedback, the sessions were engaging and useful.
Kohl's Department Store is hiring seasonal workers for the holidays. You must be 18 years old. Apply at the store in the Kroger Shopping Center.
Chick-Fil-A in the Kroger Shopping Center is looking for energetic students with positive attitudes to join their crew. Apply at the restaurant.
Mr. Tommy Morris and Ms. Courtney Williams, representatives from PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, brought their Earn Your Future program to Mrs. Summers Accounting I and II classes. The program focuses on practical financial and business skills that are helpful to young adults. PwC is a global network of firms delivering audit and assurance, tax and consulting services to it's clients. Thank you Mr. Morris and Ms. Williams!
The Spring Valley Vikings Varsity Football team defeated Irmo HS 58-28 last Friday night. The Vikings move to 8-0 and are now ranked 3rd in the state. The Vikings were led on offense by QB Chris Adams who rushed 11 times for 112 yards and was 6-8 passing for 116 yards and 2 TD's. John Miller rushed 17 times for 225 yards and 5 TD's. Josh Harlan had 2 rushing TD's. The other touchdown was on a 34 yard touchdown reception by Jordan Foster. The Vikings had 565 yards of total offense. John Miller tied a school record for TD's in a game with 5. He also set the single season TD record with 25 so far this season. Cooper Gresham was 8 for 8 on extra points setting a new school record for most in a game and in a season.
On defense the Vikings were led by Josh Harlan 15 tackles and 1 fumble recovery. Jalon Williams had 4 tackles, 1 sack, 1 safety and 1 tackle for loss. Jordan Williams had 5 tackles and 1 tackle for loss. Christian Miller had 6 tackles, 1 sack, 1 tackle for loss. Christian Miller set the season record for sacks and sacks in a career.
The Vikings will play Ridge View , October 25 in a very important region game. It is senior night. This is the last home game of the regular season. We need a huge crowd for this game. This is one of the best starts in Spring Valley Football history. Please come support your football team and seniors!!
Spring Valley Varsity Cheerleading participated in the Forest Acres Cheer Cup at AC Flora on Saturday, October 19th. The team took home the 1st place trophy beating Sumter High School. The team also was awarded the Best Choreography award for their dance. The JV and Varsity Cheerleaders will be participating in the Lake Murray Invitational on .
Thursday, October 17th the JV football team defeated Irmo at Harry Parone Stadium, 34-7. The team captains were T'Juan Fulton on offense and Jowell Ferebee on defense.
On offense, T'Juan Fulton scored from 8 yards out and again from 2 yards in the first quarter. Later on in the 3rd, Fulton scored again from 38 yards out. Jaron Ricks scored on two receptions from 25 yards out and from 10 yards out both on Kevin Owens passes. Kristion Glover had several great runs to set up a lot of those touchdowns, as did Davis and Bunch at fullback. R.J. Bacon was 4/5 on PAT's.
On defense, Eric Mason had a great night with several open field tackles and had a great pass break up on a critical third and long in the second quarter. Later in the third quarter, Brandon Black had a great pass break-up as well.
The Viking Invitational was hosted by the Spring Valley Athletic Department on October 16, 2013 with 24 teams participating. Both JV and Varsity cheer leading teams participated and placed 2nd and 3rd, respectively. Their next competition will be at AC Flora High School.
If you are interested in pursuing a career in cosmetology, you may want to attend Senior Night at Kenneth Shuler School of Cosmetology on Thursday, November 14th. High school seniors and their parents are invited to tour the campus, attend workshops on financial aid, get information on career opportunities, and transitioning from high school to a technical training school/career college. To reserve your spot text Maranda at (803)394-6630 or call Kenneth Shuler School of Cosmetology at (803) 776-9100.
The Aspirations in Computing Award recognizes high school girls for their computing achievements, leadership qualities and community involvement. Applications for the 2013-2014 year are open, soon to close on 10/31/2013. Please go to the Aspirations site and submit before 10/31/2013.
The prizes this year will be Google Nexus Tablets for South Carolina winners, as well as an awards ceremony at the Carolina Women in Computing Conference in Charleston in February. This is a great opportunity to be recognized as a female in IT. These girls are in high demand.
Spring Valley spoiled homecoming for Irmo, defeating the Yellow Jackets 58-28 to remain undefeated. At 8-0, the Vikings are off to their best start since 1974. Senior running back John Miller added 223 yards rushing to bring his season total to 1,323, scoring five touchdowns -- four on the ground and one through the air. For complete coverage of the game read the article in The State here. Spring Valley takes on district foe Ridge View next Friday at 7:30 at Harry Parone Stadium. Don't miss it!
The Spring Valley varsity football team defeated Blythewood 49-20 night to run their record to 7-0 and 1-0 in region play. The Vikings are now ranked #5 in the state. The Vikings were led on defense by several outstanding performances. Christian Miller had 6 tackles, 3 tackles for loss and 3 sacks, Josh Harlan 13 tackles, 1 forced fumble and 1 fumble recovery, Donovan Palmer had 10 tackles, 1 sack and 2 pass break ups and Malik Norman had 8 tackles and 1 pass break up. Cooper Gresham was 7 for 7 on extra points.
On offense the Vikings were led by Alec Koon who rushed 27 times for 193 yards. John Miller had 18 rushes for 143 yards and 3 TD's. Chris Adams had 18 rushes for 96 yards and 1 TD. He also had 2 touchdown passes to L.J. Mealing and Jordan Foster. Ryan Lee had 7 carries for 66 yards and 1 TD. The Vikings had a great effort by their offensive line led by Frank Ward. The Vikings had 575 yards of total offense.
The Vikings will travel to Irmo on in a huge region game which possibly could be a pivotal game in winning the region. The Vikings need all the fans to make the trip across town for this big game. There was a terrific crowd last Friday night for the Blythewood game.
Keeping up with school work and launching a business is no easy feat. It takes a lot of hard work and persistence, and, in the case of entrepreneur Kiran Ravindra, late nights on the phone or internet to manufacturers in Europe or China. For Ravindra, whose Carbon Trim Solutions is about to introduce the world's first 100% carbon fiber iPhone case, "hustle time" begins when school ends. Ravindra has filed for, and received, a provisional patent for the cut-out design for use with carbon fiber or other dense material. The case, which Ravindra designed himself with AutoCad software he learned to use in an Intro to Engineering course he took his freshman year, is just the beginning for CTS. Ravindra, a senior in Spring Valley's Discovery Program, plans to expand the company to manufacture after-market carbon fiber products for other markets. Want to replace the leather center console in your Lamborghini Gallardo with one made from carbon fiber? Ravindra may soon have a product for you. Read the full interview with Kiran in Secret Entourage and look for CTS's carbon fiber iPhone case in late November.
Every year, Palmetto Health Foundation has its "Walk for Life" to raise funds for Breast Cancer treatment and prevention in the Midlands. This year, Team Richland was comprised of all schools from both Richland One and Richland Two. Spring Valley High embraced the cause with team captain, Felicia Roberson, recruiting more than 55 team members and, with the help of this year's Homecoming court, was able to raise about $3,400.00. A big thank you to our team captain, faculty and staff, students, and community for making the day a huge success!
Congratulations to the following teachers for receiving the Innovative Teacher Award. Dr. Michael Rodgers for being an outstanding team player. Dr. Rodgers was the first teacher to step in and cover when no sub was available; on his first week at Spring Valley High! He continues to be willing to help out whenever he's needed. Mrs. Felicia Roberson has devoted a great amount of her time to ensure the great participation on the Spring Valley High Walk for Life Team and for her work on the CCSS Implementation Team. Mr. Alvin Portee has shown exemplary care and innovation in serving special needs students. Kudos to our wonderful teachers!
Spring Valley High senior Juliana Sebastian was named WACH-FOX Player of the Week. Juliana will attend University of Alabama at Birmingham on a golf scholarship. Way to go Juliana!
A small group of Spring Valley media students participated in the Indie Grits 48 Hour Film Blitz over the weekend, sponsored by Nickelodeon Theater and the SC State Fair. The team was comprised of teacher Kim Bouchey and students Christina Campos, Inez Nicholson, Alex Dawson, Keenan Hunt, and Zach Tomatz. The team arrived at the fair at 4:00 PM Friday to draw the genre and props that had to be include in the film. The genre they drew was "cop buddy," and the group had to write the script, shoot, edit, and produce the short by 5:00 PM on Sunday. There are three categories of prizes and the Spring Valley family can help us win most popular. Please go to WLTX and vote for The Case of the Honey Bandit.
Richland Two schools will be closed for students on Thursday, October 17th and Friday, October 18th. Students, enjoy your break!
Ms. Katherine Schooler's English 3 class is working on a unit about career preparation and research, called "Reaching Our Goals." They will be researching their career goals, writing resumes, and working on career skills. Mr. Terry Roberson, founder and CEO of Affordable Heating & Air, was the guest speaker who talked with the students about moving from the world of school to the world of work and higher education. Thank you Mr. Roberson for sharing your views and experiences with us!
The following colleges listed below will be at Spring Valley on the following dates. We would love for students (11th or 12th graders) to attend one or more meetings. Students can log into Naviance or stop by CIC to see Mr. Staten for more details about these college visits.
Tuesday, October 22nd: Pomona College visits SV at 8:30 AM.
Tuesday, October 22nd: Columbia College visits SV at 12:00 PM.
Tuesday, October 22nd: Emory & Henry College visits SV at 1:30 PM.
Wednesday, October 23rd: Emory University visits SV at 10:00 AM.
Registration is now open for community education classes at the Rogers Center. Early registration is recommended as courses often fill, but you may register until classes begin.
Introduction to Computers I: This course is for the complete beginner and is the perfect starting point to help you with a personal computer. You will learn basic skills such as how to use a mouse and navigate around the desktop. From the first class, you will have your hands on the keyboard and have plenty of time to practice and build your confidence. The class is limited to 10 persons and will meet on Mondays and Wednesdays beginning . Duration: 4 weeks, 8 sessions Time: Cost: $60 (Seniors 60 & over : $30)
Introduction to Computers II: This class is for persons who have completed the Introduction to Computer Class and would like to further their training. This class addresses your special concerns and builds your confidence and skills. The class will meet on Tuesdays and Thursdays beginning .
Time: Cost: $60 (Seniors 60 & over : $30)
For more information on any course offered, call 803.736.8787 ext. 25103. All classes meet at the Rogers Center.
Richland Two teamed up with Richland One to produce a dynamic "Team Richland" that raised top dollars for the Palmetto Health Breast Center.
Alec Koon rushed for 191 yards on 28 carries and John Miller added another 143 as the Vikings cruised past region and district rival Blythewood Bengals, 49-20. With three touchdowns on the evening, Miller upped his season total to 21. QB Chris Adams had 92 yards on the ground and 65 through the air, connecting for two touchdowns. At 7-0, the Vikings are off to their best start since 1994. For complete coverage of last night's game read the article in The State newspaper here. The Vikings are on the road next Friday taking on Irmo.
We cordially invite you to participate as a member of the School Improvement Council. The School Improvement Council serves as an advisory committee to our principal and faculty. Unlike PTOs and other voluntary school organizations, councils are mandated by law to exist in every public school in South Carolina. SICs play a key role in the education of our children, bringing together parents, educators and community stakeholders to work collectively to improve Spring Valley High School.
Key Functions of School Improvement Councils are to:
- work with the school to develop and implement a five-year school improvement plan
- monitor and evaluate success in reaching the plan's goals and objectives.
- write an annual report to parents about the progress of the plan.
- assist the principal in writing the narrative for the School Report Card.
- advise on the use of school incentive awards and provide assistance as requested by the principal.
If you are interested in being a part of the School Improvement Council, please join us at our next SIC meeting on October 15th in the school’s Media Center at 6:00 PM. We hope you will join us.
Spring Valley's Varsity and JV Cheer teams participated in the Falcon Invitational on Tuesday, October 8. Both teams received 1st place trophies for their performances. The next competition for both teams will be the Spring Valley Invitational on Wednesday, October 16, 2013 at 6:00PM.
The Lady Vikings girls golf team defeated Heathwood Hall and Ridge View in a 9 hole tri-match at Woodlands Country Club yesterday in their last regular season match. Spring Valley with a team score of 191, Heathwood Hall with a team score of 209 and Ridge View with a team score of 240. Low medalist for Spring Valley was Juliana Sebastian with a 39, Heathwood Hall's Madison Branum with a 44 and Ridge View's Kianna Jones with a 49. Other players contributing to team low scores were: Ebony Bennett, Madison Pobis and Sarah Labruce Temple. Spring Valley seniors Juliana Sebastian, Ebony Bennett and Sarah Labruce Temple were recognized as they played in their last home match for Spring Valley. Spring Valley ends their regular season with a 13-0-1 record and will be playing in the Upper State Championship on at Three Pines Golf Course in Woodruff, SC.
If you have ever thought it would be cool to write code and see it make a difference in the world then these opportunities could be for you. Google is excited to announce the next editions of two programs designed to introduce students to open source software development, Google Summer of Code (for university students) and Google Code-in (for 13-17 year old students). Info can be found here.
The SC Governor's Committee on Employment of People with Disabilities is sponsoring a 2014 Journalism Contest. The contest winner will receive a four-year scholarship to the South Carolina state-supported institution of his or her choice. Applicant must be a South Carolinian 16 to 19 years old; must not have entered a post-secondary school before March 1, 2014; must be a high school junior or senior, or otherwise qualified to begin post-secondary education no later than the 2015-16 school year. You do not have to have a disability to enter. Entries must be postmarked no later than . Click here for more details and application information.
This is a reminder for those families who may be eligible for free or reduced cost meals. You may apply online or return a completed paper application to either the school or the Food Services Office at 124 Risdon Way, Columbia, 29223. All fields must be filled out for the meal application to be processed in a timely manner. Paper applications are available in the lunch room as well as in the front office.
Mr. Roscoe C. Wilson, Jr., Chief Consultant of Solomon and Associates, an affiliate of the R.C. Wilson Group, was the guest speaker for Mrs. Wells' Sports and Entertainment Marketing class. He spoke with students about careers in sports marketing and basic skills needed for the profession.
Soprano: Alexa Cotran, Breland Green, Greer Hendricks, Desiree Woolwine
Alto: Hannah Davis, Olivia Johnson, Kennedy Keith, Joi Roberson, Himmabinu Vinnakota
Tenor: Joong Won Pyo, Zane O’Mara
Bass: Jack Timmerman
Student Art Exhibit as follows:
Hannah Mason- 1st Place 12th Grade Photography
Brian Hunter- 3rd Place 9th Grade 2-D
Cameron Maxfield- 3rd Place 10th Grade 2-D
Christian Canty- Honorable Mention 11th Grade 2-D
Sheren Sobeih- Honorable Mention 11th Grade 2-D
Yuki Nakano- Honorable Mention 11th Grade 2-D (photo of art not available)
There may be others who have their work selected to be in the exhibit. However, we won't know who these students are until the exhibit opens on .
October 17-18, 2013 • Topic: Energy
Contact: Stefanie Pirwitz, Phone 803-777-2706, email@example.com
On the verge of vast discoveries, Edison said it best that "we have merely scratched the surface of the store of knowledge." Students of today will be our inventors and discoverers of tomorrow. At the forefront of discovery are engineers and computer scientists. Everything around us was once the idea of an engineer or computer scientist - electricity, lights, the synthetics in the clothes that we're wearing, even the computer that you are reading this on.